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Regulatory landscape for the Internet of Things

  • Internet of Things
  • IoT
  • regulation
  • directive
  • law
  • device
  • import
  • export
  • environment
  • product safety
  • permanent roaming
  • privacy
  • security
  • data sovereignty
  • compliance
  • Matt Hatton
This report provides a guide to the various regulations that affect deployments of the Internet of Things and the associated provision of connectivity, device functionality, and management of data, as well as regulatory drivers and barriers to adoption. The report draws heavily on the Transforma Insights Regulatory Database, which details the key aspects of regulations (the ‘DNA of Regulations’) that apply in a range of new and emerging technology domains, such as the Internet of Things, Hyperconnectivity, Artificial Intelligence, Data Sharing, Distributed Ledger, Additive Manufacturing, and Autonomous Robotic Systems. A further domain relates to Privacy, which will often need to be considered alongside any technology-specific regulations. The report pulls together and summarises those areas related to the Internet of Things in seven major areas: hardware and spectrum, licensing and permanent roaming, privacy, security, data sovereignty and data access/portability, national resilience, and regulations in vertical sectors.
    • Internet of Things
    • Hyperconnectivity

        The role of digital technologies in promoting Circular Economy

        • 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing
        • IoT
        • Artificial Intelligence
        • Distributed Ledger
        • Autonomous Robotic Systems
        • Blockchain
        • Circular Economy
        • Digital Product Passports
        • DPPs
        • Eco-Design
        • ESG
        • European Union
        • EU Batteries Regulation
        • Recycling
        • Reuse
        • Regenerate
        • Regulations
        • Supply Chain Transparency
        • Sustainability
        • Smart Packaging
        • Waste Management
        • Suruchi Dhingra
        The concept of a circular economy is becoming a priority for governments and organisations as they become increasingly aware of the environmental consequences associated with traditional linear waste disposal processes. Although regulations supporting the transition towards a circular economy began to emerge in the early 1990s, it is only now that they have become more defined and have started incorporating the use of new digitally transformative technologies. Digital technologies hold tremendous potential to enable the circular economy objectives of governments and corporate and other organisations. From advanced techniques which optimise product designs (that reduce waste) to intelligent interconnected systems (that optimise resource use), the possibilities are endless. By integrating these technologies, businesses can benefit from improved resource management, extended life of products, increased degree of recycling and reuse, appropriate waste disposal practices at the end-of-life, and more. For example, by analysing datasets related to product design materials and recycling processes, AI algorithms can suggest product designs that are aligned with circular economy principles. In this report, we focus on the role of digital technologies such as IoT, AI, Distributed Ledger, Autonomous Robotic Systems, 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, and Data Sharing in enabling a circular economy transition. Solutions using these technologies will make business models, products, and manufacturing processes more circular by facilitating knowledge exchange and connecting different stakeholders in the value chain. By integrating these technologies, businesses can benefit from improved resource management, extended life of products, increased degree of recycling and reuse, appropriate waste disposal practices at the end-of-life, and more.
        • Adidas
        • Algramo
        • Amcor
        • AMP Robotics
        • Bosch
        • Blue Ocean
        • Circularise
        • eRent
        • Hewlett Packard
        • Kaer
        • ionQ
        • Loop
        • LyondellBasell
        • Maersk
        • Nestle
        • r3
        • Samsonite
        • Signify
        • ThredUp
        • Winnow Vision
        • 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing
        • Internet of Things
        • Artificial Intelligence
        • Distributed Ledger
        • Autonomous Robotic Systems
          • Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing
          • Mining & Quarrying
          • Manufacturing
          • Electricity, Gas, Steam & A/C
          • Water Supply & Waste Management
          • Construction
          • Retail & Wholesale
          • Transportation & Storage
          • Accommodation & Food Service
          • Information & Communication
          • Consumer

          Webinar – Transforma Insights’ annual global IoT market forecast update

          • IoT
          • Internet of Things
          • Forecasts
          • analyst
          • webinar
          • 5G
          • 4G
          • LPWA
          • NB-IoT
          • LTE-M
          • mobile private networks
          • MPN
          • private wireless
          • LEO satellites
          • connectivity
          • Matt Hatton
          • Jim Morrish
          • Matt Arnott
          Drawing on our highly granular and rigorously researched market forecasts, this Transforma Insights webinar provides our annual snapshot of the current state and future prognosis for the IoT market over the next decade.
            • Internet of Things

                Global IoT Forecast Report, 2023-2033

                • Internet of Things
                • IoT
                • forecast
                • connections
                • revenue
                • technology
                • LPWA
                • 5G
                • Matt Arnott
                This report provides a snapshot of the state of the IoT market in 2023 and forecasts to 2033. It is compiled based on data extracted from the Transforma Insights IoT Forecast Database, specifically the IoT ‘Connected Things’ forecasts. The forecasts are constantly updated and cover hundreds of applications across 21 vertical sectors and 196 countries. The report comprises analysis of connections and revenues including splits by geography, technology, vertical sector and use case/application. This includes analysis of cellular connections and generation splits (2G, 3G, 4G and 5G), LPWA connections, public vs private network splits and many more. It also includes tables containing high level data. For a full set of data, subscribers should go to the IoT Forecast Database.
                  • Internet of Things
                  • Hyperconnectivity

                      IT Infrastructure: Growing internet usage to lead to 2 billion connected devices by 2033

                      • Internet of Things
                      • IoT
                      • Hyperconnectivity
                      • IT Infrastructure
                      • Broadband
                      • Cellular Routers
                      • Home Broadband
                      • Home Internet
                      • Home Routers
                      • Wi-Fi Routers
                      • Rohan Bansal
                      • Matt Arnott
                      This report provides Transforma Insights’ view on IoT devices that we categorise as IT Infrastructure. This segment comprises Network Provision Devices like modems and routers and Network Equipment such as network switches and range extenders. The high global penetration of internet access, reaching 5.35 billion at the end of 2023 (66.5% of the global population) by the end of 2023, has led to widespread adoption of devices that support connectivity. However, growth has slowed in recent years, with the total number of internet users around the world increasing by just 97 million in 2023, equivalent to a 1.8% growth rate, with much of this growth occurring in developing nations. Consequently, the adoption of modems and routers is now close to saturation in developed nations for both domestic and commercial use. Most of the devices considered in this report are used to connect various other devices to a network so that they can transfer data to central servers or between themselves. Some devices themselves are required to be connected to the internet in order to function properly and fulfill their necessary purposes. These are mostly smart modems and routers that are used at small offices or homes in order to provide and monitor the status of network connectivity to all other connected devices in real-time. The report provides a detailed definition of the sector, analysis of market development and profiles of the key vendors in the space. It also provides a summary of the current status of adoption and Transforma Insights’ ten-year forecasts for the market. The forecasts include analysis of the number of IoT connections by geography, the technologies used (including splits by 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, LPWA, short range, satellite, and others), as well as the revenue split between module, value-added connectivity, and services. A full set of forecast data, including country-level forecasts, sector break-downs and public/private network splits, is available through the IoT Forecast tool.
                      • Cisco
                      • Cradlepoint
                      • Delmation
                      • Phoenix Contact
                      • Quiosk
                      • Robustel
                      • Siemens
                      • Teltonika Networks
                      • Virtual Access
                      • Hyperconnectivity
                      • Internet of Things

                          Digital Transformation in Smart Buildings

                          • Internet of Things
                          • Artificial Intelligence
                          • Hyperconnectivity
                          • Human Machine Interface
                          • Data Sharing
                          • Autonomous Robotic Systems
                          • Distributed Ledger
                          • Edge Computing
                          • Robotic Process Automation
                          • sSmart buildings
                          • HVAC
                          • lighting
                          • air quality monitoring
                          • building automation and control systems
                          • smart windows
                          • fire alarm
                          • of smart restroom
                          • pest management
                          • Smart smoke detectors
                          • connected CCTVs
                          • smart door access
                          • water monitoring
                          • elevator monitoring
                          • workspace reservation
                          • Paras Sharma
                          This report focusses on digital transformation in smart buildings as enabled by the key technology groups that are the focus of Transforma Insights’ research. These technology groups include IoT, Hyperconnectivity, Artificial Intelligence, and Data Sharing. Accordingly, the aim of this document is not to chart the future direction of smart buildings, but to highlight the key areas of change, enabled by new and emerging technologies.
                          • 800 Fulton
                          • ABB
                          • Accenture
                          • Ace Security
                          • Actuate
                          • ADT
                          • Aeroqual
                          • Airthings
                          • Allegion
                          • Ally Financial
                          • Aloft Hotels
                          • Apana
                          • AT&T
                          • ATMO
                          • Axis Communications
                          • Azrieli Towers
                          • Beeah Group
                          • Bosch Security
                          • Bower
                          • BrainBox
                          • Breeze Technologies
                          • Castello di Urio Hotel
                          • China Unicom
                          • Cobalt
                          • Cogswell Tower
                          • Costco
                          • Crown Plaza
                          • Daikin
                          • Danfoss
                          • Dubai Exhibition Centre
                          • Dubai International Airport
                          • Dubai Shangri-La Hotel
                          • Dyson
                          • ECOMT
                          • EcoPilot
                          • Empire State Building
                          • EnOcean
                          • Frasers Property
                          • FSG Smart Buildings
                          • GE Lighting (acquired by Savant Systems)
                          • Globus
                          • Google
                          • GP Pro
                          • Grosvenor Group
                          • Grupo Infinorsa
                          • Haltian
                          • Heathrow Airport
                          • Helvar
                          • Honeywell
                          • HUS Helsinki University Hospital
                          • Inter Chalet
                          • Interact
                          • InterContinental Hotels Group
                          • Intesis
                          • JLL
                          • John Hopkins University
                          • Johnson Controls
                          • Kilroy Realty
                          • Kone
                          • LAIIER
                          • Lierda
                          • Lindström
                          • Masan Group
                          • Meridian Kiosks
                          • Microsoft Azure
                          • Midlands Park Hotel
                          • Monnit
                          • Naver
                          • New York Marriott Marquis
                          • NOWA
                          • Oizom
                          • O’Neills Irish International Sports
                          • Otis
                          • Pacific Controls
                          • Panasonic
                          • Partteam and Oemkiosks
                          • Philips
                          • Proptech Bergen
                          • Qualcomm
                          • Relay Robotics Rentokil
                          • Richmond County Tourism Development Authority
                          • Sage Reality
                          • SageGlass
                          • Schindler Group
                          • Schneider Electric
                          • Seagate Properties
                          • Sengled
                          • Sensirion
                          • Siemens
                          • Signify
                          • SMART FLOW
                          • Stephan Häusler
                          • Swiftlane
                          • Symbiotech
                          • Taihe Ann
                          • Tesco
                          • The Detection Group
                          • The Durst Organisation
                          • The Edge
                          • ThyssenKrupp Elevator
                          • TK Elevator
                          • TTK
                          • Tuesday Morning
                          • Turning Torso
                          • VergeSense
                          • Verteco
                          • View
                          • Vivint
                          • Vodafone
                          • VRF
                          • Wärtsilä
                          • Westcliff
                          • WINT
                          • Wipro Lighting
                          • Wrightington Wigan

                                Supply chain transparency is the new regulatory normal

                                • IoT
                                • Internet of Things
                                • Artificial Intelligence
                                • AI
                                • Machine Learning
                                • ML
                                • Blockchain
                                • Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)
                                • Circular Economy
                                • Digital Product Passports
                                • Distributed Ledger
                                • DPPs
                                • Eco-Design
                                • ESG
                                • European Union
                                • EU Batteries Regulation
                                • Recycling
                                • Reuse
                                • Regenerate
                                • Regulations
                                • Supply Chain Transparency
                                • Supply Chain Traceability
                                • Sustainability
                                • Suruchi Dhingra
                                Several new regulations are being introduced around the world to promote circular, sustainable, and responsible economies. The goals of these regulations are clear: businesses should deploy an efficient mechanism to review how they design, source, manufacture, dispose, reuse, and recycle products. Mechanisms often report carbon emitted at each stage to promote clean energy use, and also limit the use of harmful substances, increase the degree of reuse and recycling by material composition tracking, limit materials from certain countries, and ensure human rights obligations and thus, responsible sourcing. To track these metrics, most of these regulations stress the importance of visibility and traceability of products throughout the value chain. The accurate collection and reporting of data mandated by the regulations discussed in this report is impossible without employing digitally transformative technologies that enhance the tracking and traceability of the discussed elements. Intelligent track and trace that combines technologies such as distributed ledger, IoT, AI, and analytics will be essential to automate tracking, making it fast and efficient to trace products throughout their journey. The whole process is made efficient through the adoption of a range of techniques: Product identifiers: the key identifier information that a stakeholder needs to accurately identify a product and to access related information. Data sharing: a common standardised way to share information among all relevant stakeholders. Supply chain traceability: essential to prove provenance and qualifications by tracking the origin of materials and physical flow of goods through the value chain. IoT: all of the above drive the adoption of IoT as it enables accurate and efficient data collection. Digital supply chain twin: to virtually track journeys with change of state. Artificial intelligence: intersects with other technologies for additional insights. In this report, we discuss the major regulations (including the EU’s Batteries Regulation, Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism, and End of Life Vehicles Directive and others and the USA’s Inflation Reduction Act, and various EV battery-related and other regulations from around the world) that are shaping the circular, ethical, and green economy. We also discuss the role technology plays in facilitating the requirements of supply chain transparency related regulations.
                                • Adidas
                                • Algramo
                                • AMP Robotics
                                • Bosch
                                • Circularise
                                • Hewlett Packard
                                • Kaer
                                • LyondellBasell
                                • Maersk
                                • Nestle
                                • Samsonite
                                • Signify
                                • Internet of Things
                                • Artificial Intelligence
                                • Distributed Ledger
                                  • Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing
                                  • Mining & Quarrying
                                  • Manufacturing
                                  • Electricity, Gas, Steam & A/C
                                  • Water Supply & Waste Management
                                  • Construction
                                  • Retail & Wholesale
                                  • Transportation & Storage
                                  • Accommodation & Food Service
                                  • Information & Communication
                                  • Consumer

                                  What does SGP.32 ‘IoT’ remote SIM provisioning really mean for how cellular IoT connectivity is delivered?

                                  • IoT
                                  • Internet of Things
                                  • Remote SIM Provisioning
                                  • RSP
                                  • eSIM
                                  • eUICC
                                  • SGP.32
                                  • Matt Hatton
                                  In May 2023 a third variant of the eSIM Remote SIM Provisioning standards from the GSMA was unveiled. The SGP.32 (“IoT”) variant was aimed at resolving some of the limitations of the earlier SGP.02 (“M2M”) and SGP.22 (“Consumer”) versions. The technology is now set and its functioning is relatively clear. The finalisation of the testing and certification processes is due in 2024 and compliant devices can be expected in 2025. While the technology might be well defined, what is not yet clear is what commercial models will prevail to make use of the new technology. In this report we explore the implications for existing models for delivering cellular-based IoT connectivity and what new opportunities might be created. The report considers what role enterprises or OEMs might play, what the opportunity might be for a managed eIM provider, and how each of the major stakeholder groups (MNOs, MVNOs, OEMs, enterprises, eUICC manufacturers, and connectivity abstraction platforms) might take in the new SGP.32 environment.
                                  • Bell Canada
                                  • Eseye
                                  • G+D
                                  • GSM Association
                                  • Kigen
                                  • KORE
                                  • Simetric
                                  • Simplex Wireless
                                  • Telenor
                                  • Telia
                                  • Thales
                                  • Verizon Communications
                                  • Wireless Logic
                                  • Internet of Things
                                  • Hyperconnectivity

                                      eCall: 714 million revenue generating units by 2033 driven by regulatory mandates and road safety initiatives

                                      • Internet of Things
                                      • IoT
                                      • Hyperconnectivity
                                      • Connected Vehicles
                                      • Automatic Crash Response
                                      • Automotive
                                      • Connected Car
                                      • ERA-GLONASS
                                      • Dedicated eCall
                                      • eCall
                                      • eCall Head Unit
                                      • Emergency Calling
                                      • Emergency Services
                                      • Nikita Singh
                                      • Matt Arnott
                                      This report provides Transforma Insights’ view on the eCall market. This segment comprises two sub-applications: ‘eCall Head Unit’ and ‘Dedicated eCall’. eCall or emergency calling has become a common feature in cars following regulatory mandates in the European Union, the Eurasian Economic Union, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, and other parts of the world. It is also growing organically in countries that still do not have any regulations because for OEMs this is a very cheap service to provide and it gives them the opportunity to add another product to offer, with limited downside. Many road safety programs focus on reducing the severity of accidents. However, emergency calling programs specifically aim to reduce response times and provide greater information for first responders. eCall can be initiated either manually (by pushing a button) or automatically via activation of in-vehicle sensors when a serious vehicle crash occurs. In its early days, eCall used 2G and 3G networks to make calls and transfer data, but this now must be replaced with NG (Next Generation) eCall that uses 4G or 5G cellular networks because older networks are being phased out. NG eCalls will provide higher network availability, better service quality, and will allow transmission of larger amounts of data (that may include health data of occupants or live images of accident scenes in future) to the emergency services. It will also enable the transmission of video in addition to voice and data. The report provides a detailed definition of the sector, analysis of market development and profiles of the key vendors in the space. It also provides a summary of the current status of adoption and Transforma Insights’ ten-year forecasts for the market. The forecasts include analysis of the number of IoT connections by geography, the technologies used (including splits by 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, LPWA, short range, satellite, and others), as well as the revenue split between module, value-added connectivity and services. A full set of forecast data, including country-level forecasts, sector break-downs and public/private network splits, is available through the IoT Forecast tool.
                                      • Actia Nordics
                                      • Apple
                                      • Audi
                                      • BMW
                                      • Bosch
                                      • Citroens
                                      • Daimler
                                      • Denso Corporation
                                      • European Union
                                      • Ficosa
                                      • Ford
                                      • Garmin
                                      • Infineon
                                      • Mercedes Benz
                                      • Peugeots
                                      • Valeo
                                      • Volvo
                                      • Internet of Things
                                      • Hyperconnectivity
                                        • Consumer

                                        Tata Consultancy Services (TCS): Digital Transformation capabilities assessment

                                        • Internet of Things
                                        • Artificial Intelligence
                                        • Hyperconnectivity
                                        • Human Machine Interface
                                        • Data Sharing
                                        • Autonomous Robotic Systems
                                        • Distributed Ledger
                                        • Edge Computing
                                        • Robotic Process Automation
                                        • Blockchain
                                        • Generative AI
                                        • 5G
                                        • Private Networks
                                        • Suruchi Dhingra
                                        This report examines the capabilities of TCS in Digital Transformation. It provides a comprehensive review of the products, services, and capabilities of TCS across 11 technology areas and dozens of functions, to determine its core strengths for meeting enterprise needs. The 11 technology families in which the vendors capabilities are assessed are IoT, Hyperconnectivity, Human Machine Interface, Artificial Intelligence, Distributed Ledger, Data Sharing, Product Lifecycle Management, Robotic Process Automation, Edge Computing, Autonomous Robotic Systems, and 3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing. While these might not encompass every possible technology that organisations might need in order to purse a Digital Transformation, they certainly represent the most disruptive, and therefore the ones of which enterprises should be most aware. The report includes rating across each of the technology areas and functional capabilities (specialised hardware, general hardware, software products, integrated solutions, application development, systems integration and project management, specialist services, field & operational services) using Transforma Insight’s four-level universal rating system for vendors in Digital Transformation. Internet of Things, for instance, spans hardware, software, application development, implementation, field services and specialist services. For each of the 92 combinations of function and technology, TCS is rated for whether its capabilities are ‘Emerging’, ‘Significant’ or ‘Market Leading’ (or ‘None’). This rating is based on both the credibility of the solution and the position of the offering in the market (e.g. market share). Overall, TCS has secured a rating of 32% in Digital Transformation capabilities (compared to a theoretical organisation that is ‘Market Leading’ in every aspect of providing Digital Transformation across all technologies). It has built strong capabilities in software products in Distributed Ledger, Robotic Process Automation, and Artificial Intelligence.
                                        • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)

                                              Below is a list of Transforma Insights' research reports on Digital Transformation, IoT, AI and other disruptive technologies. Our 'Essential' subscribers can access a select sub-set of the reports as 'Essential Reading'. User Group members can access exclusive 'User Group' content. Some reports (e.g. Peer Benchmarking) are only available to 'Corporate' users. For details on how to upgrade your subscriptions, check your Profile page. If you would like to speak with our analysts about the content of any report, or any other topic, please contact enquiries@transformainsights.com.