In recent years the market for wireless technologies that can support Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) connections has veered towards an unhealthy level of concentration. With challenges faced by Sigfox (which eventually succumbed to bankruptcy in early 2022) the market for LPWA connectivity was essentially left to mMTC offerings from cellular operators (NB-IoT and LTE-M) and LoRaWAN, with the LoRaWAN ecosystem focussing to a great extent on campus-scale networks rather than full wide area coverage. This situation left potential end-user adopters with few choices and little competition between vendors on price.
The lack of options in the market in recent years has given rise to a number of technologies that each seek to address some part of the LPWA market, and often also seek to support IoT applications that require higher-speed connections. In this report we examine five such technologies: Wi-SUN, Wireless MBus, mioty, NR+, and Wi-Fi HaLow.