Transforma Insights has a hypothesis that the separation of hardware from software/control layers is a fundamental requirement for a technology area to see true deep-seated innovation. In most technology use cases the heritage is for deep integration of management software into devices. However, when these two are separated, as we saw with personal computing decades ago, it stimulates radical innovation.
This report examines this trend, analysing ten areas in the context of the potential separation of these two elements. The areas covered are: PCs (and smartphones), building management systems, telecommunications networks, robotic systems, drones, industrial and commercial equipment, energy utilities, TVs, cars and smart cities.
Keywords: Hardware, software, control, operational technology (OT), information technology (IT), personal computing, smartphone, building management system (BMS), telecommunications, robotics, drones, energy, virtual power plants (VPP), TV, automotive, cars, smart cities, IoT.